Editor’s Note: This article was originally produced by Sunitha Anup, a research scholar from the Indian Institute of Technology in New Delhi, India. To contact Sunitha directly e-mail :firstname.lastname@example.org.
Issues concerning Earth’s sustainability indeed pose a challenge to every nation. Some of the alarming problems include: declining food security, natural disasters, pollution, population growth, and the degradation of biodiversity and of ecosystems. India has always been known as a land of diverse cultures, languages, landforms and religions. The existence of the land as a united territory [amid its diversity alludes to a] spirit of totality where differences are not looked down upon as a conflict; but are rather seen as a strength to enrich society. This spirit is reflected within India’s approach in combating climate change and in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. It can also be seen in its policy measures and development schemes. India was also ascertained as an important player within the recent COP21 Paris Agreement.
Over the years, the traditions and lifestyles of India have always followed an environmentally friendly [trajectory]. In fact, more than 70% of India’s population belongs to villages where the rural communities live very close to nature. However, increasing trends of socio-economic growth have added more foes to this peaceful co-existence. In order to reduce carbon footprints, India has been following low-carbon models in transportation and in development, and it has been promoting a pedagogical curriculum to educate local regulatory bodies. Moreover, India is a key player within the International Energy Agency, which enables fruitful works in clean energy, policy, and open markets. All of which, allows for better energy security. Some of the national initiatives in India that are working to ensure sustainable development include:
- National Solar Mission
- National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency
- Mission on Sustainable Habitat
- Water Mission
- Mission for Sustainable Himalayan Eco-system
- Mission for Sustainable Agriculture
Indeed, India has begun taking baby steps to achieve its sustainability goals. As a global family, research communities all over the world should work together and learn from each other by combining ancient traditional wisdom and modern research.